Introduction and translation by Richard Fidler
March 31, 2018 — Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal reposted from Life on the Left — Brazilian economist and sociologist Ruy Mauro Marini (1932-1997) was a
prime exponent of what became known as dependency theory, an attempt to
explain the systemic unequal relations of the Latin American countries
in particular with the developed economies of the imperialist “North.”
He was a close collaborator of, among others, Vânia Bambirra and the
recently-deceased Theotónio Dos Santos. Marini’s best-known work, first
published in Spanish in 1972, is Dialectics of Dependency.
was a founder of the Brazilian Marxist organization Política Operária
and later, during his Chilean exile, a member of the Movimiento de
Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR). Forced into exile again after the
Pinochet coup, he taught at the UNAM in Mexico for many years, returning
to Brazil shortly before his death from cancer in 1997.
following essay, Argentine Marxist Claudio Katz analyzes Marini’s work
in light of contemporary developments in global capitalism. He assesses
Marini’s attempt to understand and explain the initial developments in
neoliberal globalization and suggests some ways in which dependency
theory might now be renewed and updated. And he comments critically on
the work of some current proponents of versions of dependency theory.