Thailand: Supremo Prayut appoints himself prime minister

By Giles Ji Ungpakorn

August 21, 2014 -- Ugly Truth Thailand -- The self-appointment of dictator of Thailand, Prayut Chan-ocha, as prime minister, by his hand-picked military parliament, was an unsurprising non-event. Prayut did not even bother to attend and the so-called “vote” was unanimous.

Prayut has set himself up as Thailand’s “Supremo”, placing himself in charge of all important posts. This harks back to the dark old days of the military dictatorships in the 1960s and 1970s. As acclaimed writer Wat Wanyangkoon has said: “The junta is detritus left over from the Cold War.”

Prayut’s junta is both brutal and stupid. It is brutal in its crackdown on pro-democracy activists, the use of lèse-majesté to jail its opponents, and the use of violence against detainees. It is stupid in its attempts to create an image that the coup has created “peace and happiness” among citizens. Prayut also loves to strut around barking orders in a pathetic quest to appear like some outdated “strongman”.

There are more Thai political activists living in exile now than at any other period since the bloody crackdown at Thammasart University back in 1976.

The junta claims it is in the process of “reforming” the Thai political system. The real meaning of this process is to set up a Burmese-style pretend democracy where people will be allowed to take part in elections, but the military and the conservative anti-democrats will hold real power. Reactionary middle-class academics, self-serving government officials and most of the media are going along with this process. They think that they can fool the population into believing that these are real “reforms”, but they are only deluding themselves and those who have weak minds.

Genuine political reform will only take place when the military junta is thrown out of office along with its fawning supporters. Such reform would have to cut down the power and influence of the military, abolish the lèse-majesté law and bring in serious measures to tackle economic inequality. It would need to scrap all laws that were written by military juntas and it would have to abolish the so-called “independent bodies” that have served the anti-democrats.

Political prisoners would also have to be immediately released and army officers and politicians who are guilty of gross human rights abuses would have to be punished. Top of the list of those who need to be brought to trial would be Prayut. He ordered the shooting of 90 unarmed pro-democracy demonstrators in 2010. Taksin Shinawat would also need to be brought to trial for his human rights abuses in the war on drugs and in Patani (Thailand's south).

But we must not be deluded that the junta and its anti-democratic followers will somehow “self-destruct” and democracy will be automatically restored with the passing of time. Neither must we be deluded into thinking that the death of the king and the queen will solve anything. The royals are merely willing tools of the military and the conservatives and the next generation of royals are no different. In previous articles I have explained why the Thai crisis is not about royal succession.

Democracy and social justice will only be built if we organise and fight for these things. Thaksin Shinawatra, Yingluck Shinawatra, the Pua Thai party and the United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship (UDD) leadership have no intention of giving leadership to this necessary struggle. They would rather see a future agreement between the elite factions and protecting the status quo, than risk turning society upside down in a genuine process of political change.

The struggle for democracy requires political organisation on the ground inside the country in order to build a genuine mass movement out of the Red Shirts and others. Some lessons can be taken from the organising methods of the Communist Party of Thailand back in the 1970s. However we need to reject the CPT’s authoritarian structure and its reliance on the armed struggle.

Lobbying foreign powers may have its uses, but any organisation that merely concentrates on this, rather than building a movement inside Thailand, will achieve nothing. So far the “Free Thai Movement” has not shown a serious willingness to organise a mass movement. This is regrettable.

A pro-democracy mass-movement in Thailand also needs to announce publically what it aims to achieve. It needs to call for the dismantling of military power and the abolition of lèse-majesté. It needs to spell out what genuine reforms will look like and that human rights abusers will be brought to justice. Without such an approach, the struggle will be in danger of ending in a dirty compromise with the conservatives.

[This article is a summary of Giles Ji Ungpakorn's forthcoming talk in Thai in Denmark on August 23, 2014. Giles Ji Ungpakorn is a political commentator and dissident. In February 2009 he had to leave Thailand for exile in Britain because he was charged with lèse majesté for writing a book criticising the 2006 military coup. He is a member of Left Turn Thailand, a socialist organisation. His book, Thailand’s Crisis and the Fight for Democracy, will be of interest to activists, academics and journalists who watch Thai politics, democratisation and NGOs. His website is at]


By ​Giles Ji Ungpakorn​

August 27, 2014 -- The power of the Thai monarch has always been a myth created by the military and the conservative elites in order to discipline the population into submission. Through violence and repression they have persuaded millions into believing the exact opposite of the truth. According to the elite myth, the King runs the country behind the scenes and gives secret orders to the military, top officials and politicians. Yet at the same time he is said to be “above politics”. The truth is that the military and the elites have used the weak-willed monarch to rubber stamp all that they do, including the staging of military coups and the destruction of democracy. Part of the process has been the creation of the King into an “untouchable” deity, hence all the grovelling on the floor and the use of special royal language. An unintentional side-effect of this is that idiotic royalists weep with respect and awe when they see the King tying his own shoe-laces.

It is a bit like a group of master craftsmen making a Buddha image from plaster and then covering it with gold. Soon the statue takes on strong magical powers of its own and people conveniently forget that it is merely a human made lump of inanimate plaster; just a symbol of a religion, not something with power.

Marxists refer to this process of building false beliefs by those in power as part of the process of “alienation”. It serves the interests of the elites. So we unconsciously believe that money is real wealth, not just a symbol of exchanging the products of human labour.

However, since this latest coup, junta leader Generalissimo Prayut has taken the crafting and moulding of the Thai monarchy to previously unimagined heights.

Initially, unlike in previous coups, Prayut made no pretence at “consulting with and receiving orders” from the King.  Then he managed to be photographed in front of the King while the latter touched a piece of paper representing the military constitution. It is questionable whether the King could read and understand anything about the constitution or even lift the document and place it on the ceremonial golden bowl by this stage. His health is very poor. So that was all just play-acting.

Now, the latest invention by Prayut is the “Virtual Monarchy”. No living and breathing mortal has to be present. You just use the picture of the King instead. A few days ago the junta staged a swearing in ceremony in front of this picture and that was deemed to prove that royal endorsement had occurred. No need for the monarchy to say anything or even write anything with his own hand.

The concept of the “Virtual Monarchy” opens up a number of possibilities. Firstly, even when the King dies you can go on using the picture as though nothing had happened. Secondly, and I like this option, you could just do away with all the royal family and its budget for servants, palaces and shopping trips and spend a few thousand baht on a single “holy picture” to be placed at Government House. A cheaper alternative would be just to have a digital photo on the internet which could be projected on to a wall at various ceremonies.