Celia Hart's last essay: A revolutionary fight against the demon

On September 9, 2008, supporters of the Cuban Revolution were saddened to learn of the sudden deaths of Celia Hart Santamaría and Abel Hart Santamaría, the daughter and son of Armando Hart Dávalos and Haydée Santamaría, in a car accident in Havana on September 7, possibly caused by the conditions resulting from Hurricane Gustav. Below is the last essay written by Celia, on the topic of hurricanes, global warming and the Cuban Revolution's and Cuban society's ability to protect its people from devastating storms like hurricanes Katrina and Gustav. (Click HERE to watch Celia Hart discuss the politics of Latin America in a video recorded in May 2008. A selection of Celia Hart's essays, It’s never too late to love or rebel, was published in 2006 by Socialist Resistance.)

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 Celia Hart Santamaría

September 3, 2008 -- However typical they are of the Caribbean, hurricanes are now growing in size and number as a result of human disdain toward nature's balance, writes Celia Hart Santamaría for Kaos en la Red. (A CubaNews translation. Edited by Walter Lippmann. http://www.walterlippmann.com/ch-09-03-2008.html; Original at http://www.kaosenlared.net/noticia/batalla-revolucionaria-contra-demonio)

We should be used by now to seeing our scorching Caribbean summers ended by enemies attacking us by air and sea, as if they were intent on training us for other contingencies.

However typical they are of this region, hurricanes are now growing in size and number as a result of human disdain toward nature's balance.

We are condemned by the insatiable greed of the wealthy of the world and their mortal obsession with using their money to pay for what their poor souls just can't perceive to deal with these new enemies who turn up in the summer to threaten –- for a change -– the fragile Caribbean islands along with all their dispossessed.

That's what happened two days ago with Hurricane Gustav.

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Hurricane Gustav over Cuba

In one of his latest reflections, Fidel Castro said: "We are lucky to have a Revolution" and with good reason. Right now I wish that even the New Orleanians would have one, so that they can be spared what they went through three years ago.

More than 70 people were killed by Gustav in Hispaniola and Jamaica alone when it was still a tropical storm. Not one dead in Cuba, if only because even storms are fought by a Revolution. And it's precisely with a massive and well-timbered revolution that we'll build the bridges, towers and houses destroyed by the rich people's heartlessness.

Days before Gustav's arrival

We lead a humble life in Cuba, but our happiness is certainly worth millions. True, we wrack our brains and rummage around in our drawers before we dip into our "vacation" money to make sure these little talking monsters we brought to this world "have lunch and dinner at home". Raiding the fridge -– and our pockets -– to feed them has become quite a feat in today's Cuba. Yet, we always succeed, feeling happy to have them near us as they fill our homes with that infectious laughter that I seem to recognise only in Cuban children –- any chauvinism aside -– or playing in the streets with a half-deflated soccer ball, going around in bunches as if they had been glued to each other at birth. Unless the paltry selfishness of some parents gets in the way, our children have no race, age or name. They're organised in a communist guild and manage to have fun from sun up until after nightfall, like resolved democratic militants of secret organisations.

Elsewhere, the children we see in the streets have no home, or refrigerator, or parents who might take pride in their good grades and suffer when they fail at school… Who cares, they don't have a school anyway! The others, no less unhappy, suffer a similar fate, having to stay shut up inside their house all day to avoid a possible kidnapping or rape or any other evil…

Children in Cuba are not just another statistic. They're millions of owners who have at their service our whole institutional structure and, of course, their slaves, that is, their parents, perhaps because, as José Martí said, "it is they who know how to love" and therefore the most sensible human beings.

Saying that every Cuban summer teems with children is an understatement. They're on TV, in theatres… and around the table! They wolf down in no time everything we go to great lengths to buy, but how comforting it is to see them happy and healthy! If you lived near the sea like me and –- fortunately -– and many other Cubans given our nation's narrow shape, you would see them having fun in the water and playing on the sand, and you would drown your sorrows in their laughter.

This summer we also had the Olympics with their ups and downs… but Fidel already talked about that with words as clear as my coastal waters in summer, and I take the opportunity to send my best wishes to Ángel Valodia Matos, our tae kwon do fighter who so "subtly" made a corrupt referee understand that we may be left with nothing but our dignity, which we'll never be at stake. Angel has been banned from international matches, but many of us will remember him better for what he did.

Now the summer season is coming to an end and we're all looking forward to the school year and the "You-can-no-longer-wear-these-shoes-to-play" admonitions, not to mention the task of getting everything ready, from their schoolbags to our alarm clocks and the batteries they need, all the seemingly trivial details that make us wake up to the realization that a new period is beginning in our children's life… as well as in this Revolution.

Gustav is coming

As in previous years when the summer is nearly over, our wicked, insensitive enemy threatens to destroy it all, including our children and their sea waves. It's capitalism at its worst.

So it happened with Hurricane Gustav, which for several days lashed against the southern part of the eastern provinces after laying waste to Hispaniola and Jamaica. By the way, whatever God has in mind for Haiti still eludes me: hunger, intervention even by friendly countries, and storms for good measure. I don't know about God's mood, but we human beings, and especially here in America, should do something about it. Sometimes I'm aghast at the thought that Haiti gave us the first revolution in the continent and now it only gives us its worst set of statistics.

Gustav battered our eastern provinces from the south with growing fury as it went through the tiny island of Jamaica, whose mountains tried unsuccessfully to soothe the event, albeit alone, with no coordinated help from its citizens. In just a few hours, the death toll rose to 11, like happened in Haiti. It emerged from Jamaica as a tropical storm –- with wind speeds of more than 100 km/h -– before it gained strength from the warm Caribbean waters and its eye, better organised, began to look, lascivious, in our direction.

Our beautiful green alligator is much more than just a poor Caribbean island: it's the richest and most committed of America's daughters. Regardless, Gustav dared to damage irreverent Cuba.

People were evacuated from 20 of the 54 eastern municipalities, mainly to protect them from the heavy rains.

Believe it or not, my people are very educated in science. All preventive measures and every plan to avoid economic losses and preserve our dams were set in motion because of this damned summer ghost. And mark my words, as it grew stronger and got ready to travel the length and breadth of the island, it had to confront no-nonsense contenders… among them the Revolution's scientific expertise.

Our committed science and José Rubiera

Fidel said once that socialism should be "of men of science". Yet, I'm afraid that many misunderstood him. Socialism will be a society of men of science, but of a committed, revolutionary science, never the conceited paper-pushing career that science has become in many places. I won't dwell on that fact… for now! However, that's one of science's major aberrations: a merciless fight to find out who's better at publishing more stupid things.

Dr. José Rubiera is to me the best public example of the role a true scientist, and particularly a physicist, can play in society. He performs his functions as a communicator without neglecting research, as one of those who "throw all the meat upon the grill", as they say in Argentina, even at the risk of missing.

When a young person tells me that physics is unintelligible or dense, I only ask them, "Do you dig the weather report? If you do, then you dig physics." And that's simply because these comrades have got our joyful Cuban people used to this discipline.

Hurricane season turns Dr. Rubiera into the Cuban people's Public Friend No. 1. Every time someone points out, "Rubiera said so", we're all satisfied. Whenever he shows up here, there and everywhere these days while things are getting tough, many of us wonder, "Does he ever sleep?". We listen to his soothing voice give a master class in physics to forecast the birth and growth of the beast and to explain how cyclones revolve and why they depend on atmospheric pressure, wind speed and water temperature. No one realised we were seeing a lecture on thermodynamics or fluid dynamics in the committed and humble peace of this colleague, or better yet, this comrade.

Another question, now that issues like salary (or non-salary), surplus value, profits, etc., are in fashion: how much does Rubiera earn? What's his social class? OK, he's an intellectual, but where does he stand with respect to the means of production? If we merely go by the old concept of "to each according to their work", how much could we pay the brilliant expert for his services? He would surely be a multi-millionaire, since when it comes to the crunch we want to hear nobody but him. That's why he's a communist. What he does is something money can't buy, no matter how much he gets on top of his doubtlessly very modest salary as a reward for his work, and he knows that. Yes, he does: I've seen it in his eyes.

I had the honour of meeting him in a Toronto airport once. No sooner had I seen him than I rushed to greet him as if we were family, as any Cuban would do. Of course, he knew nothing about the person who was stalking him, but I did know him. I was amazed at his great unaffectedness, dressed as he was like the man next door and carrying an oilcloth briefcase. I was this close to start shouting in my bad English, "This is Rubiera, the hurricane guy!".

I was lucky that there's not much you can do in an airport lounge, so I took up all his attention under pretense of our being colleagues –- he had studied physics before meteorology. That's when he confessed what he wanted: to put science not only at people's service, but use it to inform people, because a scientist sometimes gets into the bad habit of staying within concentric circles and becoming a super expert well beyond the reach of those unfamiliar with natural sciences, and it's all a big fat lie. Nature is not as complicated as it's cracked up to be. Einstein was one of greatest humanists in the world, and yet he managed to explain his theories in a way that even the children understood. José Martí, in turn, said that it was in the books on science where he found the best poetry. That poetry of science is what José Rubiera dissects for us every single day.

True, August 31, 2008 was rather dramatic poetry, what with our sorrow over the heartbreaking devastation Gustav caused in the Isle of Youth and Pinar del Río province. In face of that terror, Rubiera once again shared with us his scientific knowledge about the event.

And the murderous eye made landfall in Cuba … and stumbled upon a revolution

Short pieces of news have already been reported about the disaster in both territories: almost 100,000 homes destroyed, power and telephone lines lying on the ground, solid pylons bent in half like putty, vast crops completely lost… an impressive string of calamities.

There's talk that even a ship was pushed inland and ended up in the centre of Nueva Gerona, the municipal capital of the Isle of Youth.

When electric power was restored here in Havana and we could see footage of what those humble people went through, there was no option but put our hands together and sob quietly.

Later that day we heard a live radio transmission about what was going on with our fellow citizens in the western provinces. Curiously enough, it was being broadcast by Radio Rebelde. Its voice kept us posted in the midst of the gusts and the anguish, now and then using the same phrase that made it so typical back when bearded men and underground guerrillas were fighting against human hurricanes who were tearing our homeland to pieces: "This is Radio Rebelde, broadcasting from free Cuban territory." And then would come Che Guevara's voice: "Attention, attention, Column Two, Column Two… Camilo, this is Che." You could hear it very often, but in those days the words, "This is Che", would bring great hopes every time. Now Radio Rebelde would get in touch with comrades Olga Lidia Tapia and Ana Isa Delgado, Municipal Defence Council leaders and first secretaries of the Communist Party in the Isle of Youth and Pinar del Río province respectively. I'll always remember both their names and their courage. They were on a war footing, so where were their children? Probably with their fathers. Things have changed here in that regard: there's growing confidence in women, no doubt a major achievement. We're aware of our revolution when we're faced with hardship.

José Martí had talked about that: "It is true! The sudden blows reveal the core of things." Many things were revealed in Cuba after Gustav's sudden blow.

According to the reports, Gustav has been the worst meteorological phenomenon in half a century, leaving almost 80 people dead in its wake when it passed by nearby islands, even if it was not so strong then. How can you explain Cuba's verve after we were hit by a much stronger storm?

It's precisely because we've had a revolution for the last 50 years. It's true that we lost many things. My compatriots from Pinar del Río and the Isle of Youth lost everything… except their lives and their confidence that not only the nation's leaders but every one of us will be at their beck and call to help.

Cuba put every effort into the task of keeping all citizens safe and cared for. Only with a revolution like ours can every available resource be used with a single purpose in mind. Television and radio stations, bakeries, hospitals, schools… all of them devoted to protecting every soul. You should have heard the party secretary in the Isle of Youth, hoarse almost to the point of speechlessness, encouraging her fellow islanders not to be fooled out of their homes by the apparent calm conveyed by the lethal eye of the hurricane. Dr. Rubiera had made it clear that the wind speed would be more violent along its rear wall. We were all scared of the winds blowing at 200 km/h with gusts of over 300 km/h, yet the two women in charge seemed oblivious to the danger.

No system can match the impact of a revolutionary process. Therefore, thank heavens for centralisation, since it made it possible for linesmen from the eastern provinces to go help from day one the areas hit by Gustav.

Almost 450,000 were evacuated in less than one day, and all hospitals were ready. What's more, a comrade gave birth to a child right in the middle of one of the strongest gusts. She named him Gustavo…

In less than two days, by virtue of the Energy Revolution –- Fidel's pet project that some criticised so much -– electricity was restored in 40% of Pinar del Río province.

On Sunday, as we went out to have a quick look at the city, the unanimous remark was, "Poor souls, they're always hit by hurricanes", with feelings of solidarity only possible in a socialist country…

We'll have great economic loss… there's talk of a billion pesos… but we lost none of our compatriots, In fact, the revolutionary miracle made us grow in number thanks to the woman who brought us little Gustavo! Instead of losing people, we increased their number.

I'll make a comparison just this once… Over a million people left New Orleans, their minds filled with memories of a deadly Katrina three years ago. Many of them were immigrants afraid of being deported instead of evacuated. In the US, for all its wealth, people are left by themselves. Some make it, but many others –- as Katrina made so patently obvious -– are abandoned to their fate.

All the more reason to appreciate the Revolution at a time like this. There were also certain clowns that not even a hurricane kept away from us who put up a two-bit obscene show around a rock singer that some counterrevolutionaries here tried to turn into a prisoner of conscience. Good God! A musician who heeded no social rule was fined for being vulgar and noisy, while the foreign media strived to make a fatuous trial look outrageous instead of covering the unique natural and human lesson Gustav gave. But that's how they are, and they'll never change. Let them go on spending paper and money in the most incomprehensible and ineffective nonsense they can think of to try and hurt the Revolution, for she can look after herself.

Thoughts by the seashore

Sunday dawned without electricity, so I joined the rest of my neighbours and went down to the seashore. The waves were huge, but not enough to spill over, while the air gave off scents of seaweed and saltwater indicative of the lull that comes after a storm. I managed to find an empty place to sit and tried to figure out where my indescribable melancholy came from.

My first thoughts went to the Caribbean islands, somehow doomed to endure the pounding of tropical hurricanes, perhaps the price of living in such a pretty sunlit region of the planet. However, we're not condemned to suffer year after year from the malice of monsters bred by an irrational capitalism. The toxic emissions to the troposphere cause an almost unlimited warming of the ocean and thus these colossal cyclones and the thawing of our beautiful glaciers. Hence the polar bears can't feed their offspring, we get skin disease and our flowers wither… just to produce more shoes, cars and perfumes that only 10% of the human race will ever enjoy. Recently, the World Bank "found out" –- as if it had been nothing but a miscalculation until then -– that there are 400 million people more than they had thought. We're turning the world into a statistic, and nature will never forgive us.

At least for starters, Cuba and the Caribbean islands should sue the centres of power for millions in compensation for these losses.

Eventually, we'll build the houses, schools, churches and pylons the hurricane victims need, but what about next August? Capitalism kills nature while we're left to breathe worse, starve to death and suffer from the ravages of their squandering.

Something's wrong with the world to which only socialism has alternatives.

After some more thinking I started to feel proud of being part of a revolution where the ups outnumber the downs and people can organise themselves and synchronise action with love to stand up to these excesses. I felt proud of the certainty that we have both Dr. Rubiera and his remarkable way of going about physics and comrades Olga Lidia and Ana Isa, the provincial party leaders who demonstrated their leadership capabilities in such a difficult time. Then I watched my son as he happily ran around the reefs with his friends, making the most of the few days they still had left before a new school year.

My melancholy was still there, though. And then I looked at the green leaves of the coconut trees floating on the water and realised that I missed a voice, a green, cap-wearing, larger-than-life figure with a stealthy but decisive gait. For the first time Fidel is not leading this fight, and no matter how hard I try, his absence makes me feel a profound, inexplicable pain, eased only by his own reflections on the hurricane.

Nevertheless, my ease of mind improved much more when it dawned on me, as if I had been struck by lightning, that he was in Rubiera's expertise, the olive green of the fatigues my comrades from Pinar del Río and the Isle of Youth were wearing, the unfathomable optimism of my compatriots even after losing everything they had to the inclemency of the weather and the greed of the rich and still shouted "Long live Fidel!" as they stood in torn streets and collapsed buildings, aware that our greatest strength is our enjoyment of life and the commitment Fidel helped us develop, which neither arrogance, nor wickedness nor the enemy will ever defeat…

That's what our many enemies, be they a gluttonous hurricane or a nuclear bomb, will have to learn to respect. And for that we have Fidel's green strength.

Revolution or Death!

Submitted by Terry Townsend on Tue, 09/09/2008 - 21:19


Reflections by comrade Fidel




We had hardly recovered from the emotional impact and material damages caused by the unexpectedly strong winds of hurricane Gustav on the Isla de la Juventud and Pinar del Rio, when news were received of sea floods caused by Hanna. Then, the worst news of all: that the very intense hurricane Ike, turning southwest under pressure from a strong anti-hurricane system located north of its course, would strike heavily over 625 miles throughout the national territory.


            This means, in fact, that the entire country will be impacted by the three hurricanes; and some places will be hit twice.


            What will happen with the bananas, fruits and vegetables in the intensive-farming areas? What will happen with the cultivation of beans and other grains? What will happen with the sugarcane and rice plantations? What will happen with the poultry, pork and milk production centers? The entire nation is now in what in military terms is defined as combat alert.


            The problems raised in the reflection which defined Gustav as a nuclear strike have multiplied. The principles guiding our behavior are still the same, just that much greater efforts will be required.


            The Civil Defense did not miss a second. Comrades in positions of responsibilities in both the Party and the Government have been visiting every place. The cadres should demand discipline, withhold their emotions and exercise their authority. The responsibility for information falls on our media: television, radio and printed press.


            The world has admired our people’s conduct under the scourge of Gustav. As our enemies cynically rubbed their hands with glee, our friends, who are obviously not few, are determined to cooperate with our people. The seeds of solidarity planted for many years are growing everywhere. Aircrafts from Russia and other countries have been flying in from thousands of miles away with products which cannot be measured for their volume or price but for their significance. We have received donations from small states like East Timor, and messages from important friendly nations like Russia, Vietnam, China and others expressing the willingness to cooperate as much as possible with the investment programs we shall soon undertake to reestablish and develop production.


            The sister Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, and its President Hugo Chavez, has adopted measures which constitute the most generous gesture of solidarity our homeland has known.

            I think that despite the intensity of the blows received and of those still to come, our country is in a position to save the life of its citizens. The families shall be provided material assistance and food for as long as necessary until they recover --as soon as possible-- their capacity for food production. This assistance cannot be the same in every municipality since the damages are not the same neither is the time they will need to be back on their feet.


            At this moment we are besieged by hurricanes. We should be more rational than ever and fight wastage, vagrancy and complacency. We should be absolutely honest avoiding demagoguery or compromising with weakness or opportunism.  The revolutionary militants should set an example. They should give and receive confidence. They should give everything for the people, even their lives if need be.

Fidel Castro Ruz

September 7, 2008

5:29 p.m.    

Submitted by Terry Townsend on Mon, 09/15/2008 - 09:05


Cuba has suffered "the worst /economic disaster/ in its history," some news agencies have reported. Damage from hurricanes Gustav and Ike is estimated between $3 and $4 billion. 2.5 million persons (from a population of 11 million) were evacuated and many thousands will remain evacuated because they have lost their homes. The total number of houses damaged by the two storms was 320,000 (entire small towns and 70% of houses in the Western provinces). Gustav alone totally destroyed more than 30,000 houses. Thousands of schools, hospitals, factories and other buildings have been damaged. Most crops in the entire island have been lost due to the winds and/or flooding. Most of the electricity network was damaged. And the list of destruction can go on and on...

See some pictures of the destruction caused by hurricane Ike here: http://www.juventudrebelde.cu/cuba/2008-09-07/imagenes-de-los-estragos-de-ike-a-su-paso-por-territorio-cubano/
and this video here:

Cuba needs your help because (thanks to the US embargo/blockade) it does not have access to the international credit system, so it is short in cash to deal with immediate needs, especially food and construction materials.

There are seven organizations in the US that have licenses from the US government to send humanitarian aid to Cuba. If you can, please consider donating to one. Even five dollars would help. Here is the list:

*1. _The Disarm Education Fund_*

Since 1994, the Disarm Cuban Medical Project has worked to combat the effects of the US embargo against Cuba on the health of the Cuban people and to advocate for a change in US policy, delivering more than $75 million worth of desperately needed medicines and medical supplies to Cuba, benefiting more than 2 million people. They are committed to supplying 60 Cuban hospitals and community clinics – 20 in Havana and 40 in the countryside – with supplies ranging from such desperately needed basics as aspirin, insulin, gauze pads, and syringes, to the most advanced treatments for pediatric cancer and AIDS. (www.disarm.org <http://www.disarm.org/>)

*2. _Global Links_*

Global Links' program of medical aid to Cuba began in 1994 at the request of The Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO). This program is a federally licensed humanitarian aid program. Aid sent is received and distributed to health institutions by the PAHO/WHO office in Havana and the Cuban Ministry of Health. Global Links has received a list of requested products from PAHO and is raising funds to purchase and send them to Cuba. (http://www.globallinks.org/where_we_work/cuba/)

*3. _Operation USA_*

Since its inception in September 1998, CMAP has delivered major shipments to pediatric hospitals and other health facilities. Supplies are donated by private companies, hospitals and physicians and are sent to Cuba under license from the U.S.-Departments of Commerce and Treasury. Operation USA is accepting cash contributions to pay for shipping medical supplies to Cuba. (http://www.opusa.org/wherewework/international/cuba/mainpage.html)

*4. _MEDICC_*
MEDICC—Medical Education Cooperation with Cuba, is a non-profit organization working to enhance cooperation among the US, Cuban and global health communities aimed at better health outcomes. MEDICC supports education and development of human resources in health committed to equitable access and quality care, providing the Cuban experience to inform global debate, practice, policies and cooperation in health.
MEDICC is seeking financial donations to replenish stocks of key medical reference books lost at the badly damaged Isle of Youth Medical School, where over 2,000 young Cubans study medicine and public health. (http://www.medicc.org/ns/index.php?s=3&p=3 <http://www.medicc.org/ns/index.php?s=3&p=3>)

*5. _Catholic Relief Services_*

Catholic Relief Services has worked with Caritas Cubana, the Catholic Church's relief agency, to provide emergency, humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable and needy people in Cuba since 1993. CRS delivers medicine, medical supplies, food and clothing to Cuba for distribution in hospitals, homes for the elderly, and to children with Down syndrome and other vulnerable groups. CRS is working with Caritas Cubana in the affected areas in infrastructure projects and assistance with access to food, hygiene products and water. (http://crs.org/Cuba/)

*6. _Jewish Solidarity_*

Since 1993, Jewish Solidarity has delivered over 35 tons of medicine, food and other supplies to Cuba's more than 1500 Jews in Havana and throughout this island nation. They have a humanitarian license that allows them to collect financial donations to then buy the necessary items that are most needed in Cuba. Jewish Solidarity is accepting financial donations to buy medicine, food and other supplies to be distributed in Cuba. *
7. _Daughters of Charity_ *

The Daughters of Charity, a non-profit organization based in Miami, Florida, that has been sending humanitarian goods to Cuba since 1994. You can send a check donation so they can buy needed food items and pay the cost of the containers they will be sending to Cuba.

*/All donations are tax deductible. Please include your name, address and phone number on any mailed donations in order to receive a donation confirmation letter. /*

*/Please write checks to one of the organizations listed above, and mail to: Cuba Hurricane AID, P.O. Box 53106, Washington, DC 20009./*

*Note: *you can also donate online directly to any of these organizations, or through the Cuba Central site at* *http://democracyinamericas.org/donate/

If you cannot donate, please demand that travel and trade restrictions are lifted, at least temporarily. Here are links to two online petitions that have been set up for this:

1)      "US assistance to Cuban hurricane victims" online petition to the president and Congressional Leadership put together by several US organizations:


2)      ANSWER's Online Petition to your Representatives, President Bush and Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez: Lift the Blockade Now!

https://secure2.convio.net/pep/site/Advocacy?JServSessionIdr012=nrg5yknkz1.app13b&cmd=display&page=UserAction&id=225 <https://secure2.convio.net/pep/site/Advocacy?JServSessionIdr012=nrg5yknkz1.app13b&cmd=display&page=UserAction&id=225>

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A quick note about why Cuba turned down US aid offer:*

Cuba turned down US aid offer because it was conditioned on accepting an inspection by a USAID team. Spain, Brazil, and many other countries have offered aid without any conditions, only the US plays politics with human suffering. And all the aid that the US had to offer is $100,000 when much smaller countries like Timor Leste have offered $500,000 and without any conditions. The Cuban government rejected the aid as hypocritical and asked that Cuba is allowed to buy food and construction materials using credits offered by private business willing to do so, like any other country does (The Bush administration introduced a legislation that requires that Cuba buys from US business only with cash).