By Stathis Kouvelakis, Athens
August 21, 2015 -- First appeared on Kouvelakis' Facebook page, reposted at Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal -- Early this morning, 25 SYRIZA MPs left the parliamentary group of the party to create a new group, under the name of “Popular Unity” (Laiki Enotita in Greek). Most of these MPs are affiliated to the Left Platform, but some others also joined like Vangelis Diamantopoulos or Rachel Makri, a close collaborator of Zoe Kostantopoulou.
[The new party will stand in the snap September 20 general election announced by Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras on August 20.]
This is a major development in Greek politics but also for the radical left, in Greece and at an international level.
Three elements need to be emphasised.
The first is that “Popular Unity” is the name of the new political front, which will regroup 13 organisations of the radical Left, those who signed the text issued on August 13 calling for the creation of the "Front of the No". This front is therefore the first tangible result of a recomposition within the Greek radical left. A recomposition that draws the lessons of the last five years, and of course of the experience of SYRIZA in office and of the resulting catastrophe.
But the goal of the front is even broader than this, it is to provide an expression to social forces that do not necessarily recognise themselves as part of the left but want to fight austerity, and "Troika rule reloaded" of the new memorandum.
The second is that the goal of the front is to constitute the political expression of the No vote as was expressed both in the January general election and in the referendum of July 5. The main programmatic lines are the rupture with austerity and the memoranda, the rejection of all privatisation and the nationalisation under social control of strategic sectors of the economy, starting with the banking system, the cancellation of the major part of the Greek debt (starting wit the immediate interruption of its repayment) and, more broadly, a set of radical measures that will shift the balance of forces in favour of labour and of the popular classes and open up a path for the progressive reconstruction of the country, of its economy and of its institutions.
These goals cannot be realised without exiting the Eurozone, as the recent disaster has abundantly demonstrated, and without breaking with the whole set of policies institutionalised by the European Union. The front will also campaign for a unitary internationalist struggle around common objectives at the European and international level and will support exiting NATO, breaking the existing agreements between Greece and Israel and radically oppose imperialist wars and interventions. This transitional program is situated in the perspective of a socialism of the 21st century.
The third is that this new parliamentary group is now the third largest in terms of its size in the Greek parliament, ahead of Golden Dawn, the neo-Nazi party. This means that in the next few days its leader, Panagiotis Lafazanis, will get a mandate to constitute a government that will last for three days, as the Greek constitution stipulates. After the resignation of the Tsipras government this mandate is now in the hands of the second party in parliament, New Democracy, the main right-wing opposition party.
This span of time will be used by Popular Unity to trigger a broad debate and the mobilisation of all the social forces who wish to fight austerity and the memoranda, the previous as well as the new one.
The program of the party and the full range of its support among leading personalities of the Greek left, which is expected to be quite impressive, will be released at the start of next week.