Fascism in India has found a role model in Israel (plus: India’s port workers strike is an act of anti-colonial solidarity with Gaza)

[Editor’s note: A representative from the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation will be speaking at Ecosocialism 2024, June 28–30, Boorloo/Perth, Australia. For more information on the conference visit ecosocialism.org.au.]

First published at CPI(ML) Liberation. Based on talk by Dipankar Bhattacharya at the Palestine Solidarity Convention held at the Constitution Club, New Delhi on 23 February, 2024.

I stand here in fullest solidarity with the suffering people of Gaza and the cause of Palestine's liberation from the cruel colonial occupation of Israel. The genocide being relentlessly perpetrated by Israel on the unarmed people of Gaza and the growing toll of Palestinian children, women, doctors, journalists, writers being killed every day are the most brutal and violent reflection of the world today.

It is important for us to see where India stands in the mirror of this ongoing genocide. We all applaud the courageous role South Africa has played in this context, securing a historic indictment of Israel and a significant interim verdict against the ongoing genocide from the International Court of Justice. Just as South Africa, which had to wage a protracted battle to defeat the apartheid regime, could feel the pain of Palestine, it should have been possible for India to do so too. In fact, as a country which had to face centuries of racist colonial rule and brutal military repression by the colonial rulers, India should have boldly championed the Palestinian cause and mobilised the international community against Israel's genocidal campaign. That would have been in keeping with the legacy of India's own freedom movement and the current claim of being a leading voice of the Global South.

Yet India under Modi today stands at the other end of the global spectrum. India is today perceived as being in league with Israel and complicit in the ongoing genocide. This is not just because of India's repeated refusal to call for an immediate ceasefire in Gaza in various international fora, but also because of the involvement of Indian corporates like the Adani group in Israel's armament industry and trade and Indian state's growing strategic convergence with Israel. Worldwide, Adani is being condemned for the group's complicity in the genocide in Gaza. Among the many demonstrations of international solidarity with Palestine, we could see children and parents demonstrate in the London Science Museum against Adani's sponsorship of the so-called 'Green Energy Gallery', because Adani has the blood of the children killed in the Gaza genocide on his hands.

We can see how the Modi government uses Israeli surveillance tools to stifle dissent and persecute its political opponents. It is not just the Modi government which has developed close ties with the settler colonial regime of Israel headed by Netanyahu, various BJP-led state governments also collaborate with Israel and imitate the Israeli model of repressive governance. In 2018 a delegation led by Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar visited Israel to draw lessons from the Israeli assault on the Great March of Return protests. Today we can see those lessons in action in Haryana with the Haryana government attacking protesting farmers with drones, showering tear gas shells, firing pellet guns and even bullets, and blocking roads with concrete barricades, barbed wire fences and nails. From the bulldozer model which started from Uttar Pradesh and has now become the universal BJP template of governance, to this emerging Haryana model - the Israeli imprint is now unmistakable and ubiquitous.

The Indian state has now taken it upon itself to ensure the supply of Indian workers as replacement for expelled Palestinian workers to serve in the construction sector in Israel. Taking advantage of mounting unemployment in India, BJP-led governments of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh are playing the role of labour exporters. The colonial era phenomenon of indentured labour is back in Modi's new India to serve Israeli interests. It is therefore time we stop treating the question of India's strategic convergence with Israel as just a foreign policy question. It is very much a matter for our domestic concern. India's trade union movement must rise forcefully against the disastrous implications of India's strategic subservience to the US-Israel war machine. It is encouraging to see the construction workers' federation and now the port workers take the call and refuse to serve the US-Israel war machine and the genocidal campaign against the Palestinian people.

In the not-too-distant past, India used to make common cause with national liberation movements in any part of the world. The memories of Vietnam and Bangladesh solidarity actions are still very much alive. Today whole new generations across the world are rising against the horror of the genocide in Gaza and in support of the Palestinian people's right to a free Palestine. In Delhi and many other cities of India, BJP-led governments are stopping Indians from expressing their solidarity with the Palestinian people. Indeed, Hindutva and Zionism are operating as ideological twins and Indians are being mobilised to identify with Israel and vocally support the genocide.

Zionists conflate every criticism of Israel with antisemitism, likewise the Hindutva brigade dubs every criticism of the Modi regime an anti-national anti-Hindu act. Just as academics and writers around the world opposing the genocide and supporting the Palestinian cause are being accused of antisemitism, overseas Indian citizens opposing the Modi government's policies and the Sangh brigade's fascist aggression are being charged with anti-India activities and Hinduphobia and being stripped of their OCI status. Fascism in India has found an ideological and strategic role model in Israel, and opposing the Israeli occupation of Palestine and especially the current phase of the genocidal campaign in Gaza must therefore be considered not only our international duty but an integral part of our task of defeating fascism in India.

India's port workers strike is an act of anti-colonial solidarity with Gaza

Ananya Wilson-Bhattacharya. First published at The New Arab.

On 18 February, news broke that port workers in India have been boycotting Israel by refusing to load Israeli arms shipments on account of its war on Gaza, which has killed more than 30,000 Palestinians, and calling for a ceasefire.

The workers are led by the Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU), a national level trade union affiliated with the Communist Party of India (Marxist).

This display of workers’ solidarity with the Palestinian people is in sharp contrast to the Indian government’s long established alliance with Israel.

Despite joining global calls for a ceasefire in December, India - under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Hindu right Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) - hypocritically remains the top buyer of Israeli military exports since the war on Gaza began.

But the port workers’ boycott is more than simply an act of resistance against the government or a show of solidarity with the Palestinians: it is also, at multiple levels, an anti-colonial move.

Shifting alliances

The boycott harks back to India’s long history of solidarity with Palestine post-independence from British colonialism and prior to the rise of the Hindu right, or Hindutva, in recent decades.

In 1947, India’s secular post-independence government voted against the partition of Palestine at the United Nations General Assembly, with anti-colonial freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi condemning the founding of the state of Israel as “inhuman”.

Now, with the rise of Hindu nationalism, Modi and the BJP claim that Hindutva is a return to India’s pre-colonial order, dismissing critics of Hindutva as ‘colonial’.

However, the BJP government’s current alliance with Israel - a settler-colonial state essentially created by Britain, at the time a colonial power with a large empire - is just one of many indicators of the true proximity of Hindutva ideology to colonialism.

The close relationship between Modi’s India and Israel is not surprising. There are clear ideological links between Hindutva and Zionism - Hindutva advocates for a Hindu supremacist state, with an eventual goal being the ethnic cleansing of Muslims.

Meanwhile, Zionism advocates for a Jewish state and the erasure of the Palestinian people. Both ideologies are inherently hugely Islamophobic; V.D. Savarkar, a leading figure in the development of Hindutva, was known to admire Zionism and condoned Israel’s illegal settlement building.

Resisting repression

Since the current war on Gaza began on 7 October, the Modi regime has clamped down heavily on pro-Palestine protests. This is no surprise given not only their alliance with Israel but also their wider authoritarian repression of protest in recent years.

For example, the government has regularly exploited the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act - which is widely considered unconstitutional and undemocratic - to silence dissenters including lawyers, journalists and activists.

In this context, the port workers’ boycott is all the more radical - an act of international solidarity from within a country where resisting fascistic policies and violence at home regularly results in jail.

The port workers’ boycott is far from the Indian people’s first major display of solidarity with Palestine during the current war. On 23 February, the organisation Indians for Palestine released a statement calling on the government to publicly endorse the International Court of Justice’s ruling to stand against human rights violations of Palestinians in Gaza.

Previously in November, many in the southern state of Kerala, including political parties and Muslim organisations, were joining protests, rallies and candlelight vigils calling for a ceasefire.

But the dock workers’ boycott is especially significant in demonstrating the agency of Indian workers in relation to Israel and Palestine, particularly at a time when large numbers of Indian workers are being sent to work in Israel to replace Palestinian labour.

Workers' solidarity

Long before the current war on Gaza began, India was sending indentured workers to Israel, with the Indian and Israeli governments signing an agreement in May 2023 for 42,000 Indian workers to be sent - including 34,000 within the construction industry.

This is an instrumental aspect of Israel’s genocidal agenda: these Indian workers are being brought in to fill the gaps after the Israeli government revoked work permits for thousands of Palestinians in October, a key method of undermining their citizenship.

But as Indian trade unions have consistently pointed out, these Indian workers are simply being commodified by Israel with no consideration for their safety

Israel’s construction sector is considered to be one of the most dangerous employment sectors, with more than half of all workplace accidents in the country in 2021 occurring in the construction industry.

The crisis of joblessness in India has encouraged workers to move to Israel, demonstrating how - despite long held claims of economic success - Modi’s government is more concerned with strengthening international relations with colonial powers than with creating jobs for ordinary people at home.

The All India Central Council of Trade Unions (AICCTU) has warned the Modi government against investing in the Israeli occupation of Palestine and called upon Indian construction workers to refuse to work for Israel.

“The settler-colonial state - namely Israel - is making a deal with the BJP government to promote a new form of indenture and bonded labour,” Clifton D’Rozario, national secretary of the AICCTU, tells me.

“We can see the export of Indian workers to Israel as a new geopolitics of indenture, in which two fascist states in alliance with each other are exploiting precarious and marginalised labour across borders.”

As the AICCTU notes, the history of indentured labourers being sent abroad from India is in fact also deeply colonial, with the British exporting workers to islands such as Mauritius and Fiji as far back as 1834.

Similarly to the workers migrating to Israel today, these historic indentured labourers were seeking to escape poverty but were ultimately heavily exploited, working in harsh conditions for low wages.

The export of indentured labourers to Israel is thus indicative of the ongoing use of colonial tactics by the Modi regime - in this case, directly furthering the genocidal agenda of a current colonial state.

In this context, the port workers boycotting Israeli equipment is a powerful anti-colonial statement, demonstrating Indian workers’ choice to show solidarity with the Palestinians, the colonised, even as their far-right government exploits their fellow workers to strengthen its ties with the colonial state of Israel.

The Indian port workers’ boycott is an unflinching show of anti-colonial solidarity not only with the people of Palestine but also with the indentured labourers being sent to Israel and used as commodities in Israel’s genocidal project.

This boycott is a crucial step in Israel becoming increasingly isolated on the world stage as its war on Gaza intensifies and global calls for a ceasefire - from people and, thanks to overwhelming pressure, from governments - grow louder than ever.

Ananya Wilson-Bhattacharya is a writer, activist and co-editor of Red Pepper magazine, interested in arts and culture and social movements.