France: Nice and the invisible enemy (plus New Anti-Capitalist Party statement)
20 July 2016
By Herve Do Alto, translated by Federico Fuentes
July 21, 2016 -- Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal -- And that was how the horror came to my doorstep. To tell you the truth, like many people who live in the province – a somewhat disparaging term used to refer to the rest of France that exists outside of Paris and its surrounds – I thought terrorist attacks were mainly a concern for those in the capital. On July 14, this certainty was blown apart by the sad and harsh reality: 84 people of various nationality and beliefs, among them dozens of children, died due to the actions of a lunatic in the Promenade des Anglais, the “Malecon” of the city of Nice, in the south-east of France, only a few kilometres from Italy.
I say “lunatic” and not “terrorist” because there is no proof that the author of the massacre had anything to do with the criminal networks associated with Al Qaeda or Islamic State. Instead, everything till now points in the other direction. But one could easily believe this was the case, as Nice, the summer capital, has also become known more recently as a fertile recruitment ground for future jihadists willing to go to Syria or Iraq.
According to the French Interior Ministry, it is estimated that 10% of those who each year leave France to join the ranks of the terrorist networks flourishing in the Middle East come from the department of Alpes-Maritimos (whose capital is Nice).
Behind the image of “glamour” that the capital of the French Riviera is usually associated with, Nice is in reality one of the most unequal cities in the region. If one dares to go beyond the Nice that everyone knows from postcards and avoids the well-off neighbourhoods located on the banks that dominate the local view, you will see that in further our neighbourhoods like L’Ariane, Les Moulins or Bon Voyage, there is a smouldering cauldron where precarious economic conditions mix together with racial-ethnic discrimination, in terms of access to work and places for leisure, and where the majority of the population originally come from the Maghreb or Sub Saharan Africa.
Until now, social tensions generated by this situation have been managed by different municipal authorities - all of them solidly aligned with the Right since the ‘40s - through the intensive use of patronage methods based on the co-option of neighbourhood elites. This strategy however has had limits placed on it by the saturation of the public sphere with a racist discourse that had until recent years made Nice, in political-electoral terms, the capital of the Right, a fact recognised as such by the rest of the country.
There has always been an important conservative vote here, one that today is capitalised upon by The Republicans (the party of ex-president Nicolas Sarkozy) and the xenophobic National Front of Marine Le Pen whose support continues to grow. Under pressure, right-wing conservatives have assumed a discourse that is increasingly hostile towards “foreigners” – the figure of “internal enemy”, previously attributed to Jewish people or Communists, is now associated with Muslims and all Arabs or Blacks in general. This tendency, far from limiting itself to Nice, can also be felt across France and the rest of Europe.
This helps us understand a strange paradox: while the ultra-rightists Anders Behring Breivik was widely seen as a schizophrenic when, in 2011, he killed 77 young socialists on the island of Utoya, near Oslo, Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel was not given the same benefit of the doubt. When he ran over nearly one hundred people yesterday, French journalists were not as scrupulous and many quickly viewed the attack as an “Islamic” assault.
Discriminated against in a systematic manner, the Arab and Muslim community is also seen as a homogenous body that is foreign to the nation, with the terrorists being the visible face of the danger that Islam represents to the “vivre ensemble” (living together) that characterises French society. That is why the actions of Lahouaiej Bouhlel are viewed - with a normality that is frightening - as a “terrorist” act that seeks nothing less than to put in danger the French “savoir-vivre” (way of life).
The extreme horror experienced in the Promenade des Anglais has placed the city of Nice in mourning. “We have to resist”, say the municipal and national authorities, but it is worth asking: “Against what? Against who?”
Already last night, our leaders were proposing to extend for a further three months a state of emergency that since it was first decreed in November 2015 has only been used to repress trade unions opposed to a government labour reform that goes against the rights of workers. They also announced that they want to intensify French intervention in Syria and Iraq – an intervention that, until now, has only generated more instability in the zone and exposed the French civilian population to reprisals.
Doctors tend to say that there is nothing worse that treating an illness with the wrong medication. What we have tried until now – less public liberties and more war – has not worked and yet they propose we continue with them in a context where Muslims, including those born and raised in France, appear as the ideal scapegoat to legitimise what no one would accept in other times.
Which is why I ask, after the drama of yesterday: with these measures, who are we really fighting against?
The massacre in Nice
This statement was issued by the Nouveau Parti Anticapitaliste (NPA, New Anticapitalist Party) on July 15, 2016. It is reposted from International Viewpoint
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The NPA expresses its total solidarity with the victims of the massacre perpetrated tonight in Nice, and to their families as well. Once again, it is men, women and children who suffer, innocent victims, scapegoated for crimes they did not commit. This ugly violence is creating an irreversible spiral of terror and violence by sowing hatred and fear.
The only response that our government can imagine is to tighten security measures: it is prolonging the state of emergency for three months, which of course was already in effect and has prevented nothing. Its only purpose was to increase pressure police used against protesters opposing the El Khomri anti-labor law. Despite all this, Prime Minister Manuel Valls has the audacity to call for “national unity.”
French President François Hollande wants to mobilize the military reserves and intensify the war in Syria. But isn’t it the barbarity of the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria and Africa that is spawning the social and political chaos, the misery upon which the Islamic State feeds? Haven’t these wars set the killers in motion, animating their apocalyptic and bloody ideology?
This latest attack will be used to justify any and all sorts of anti-immigrant, anti-refugee, ant-Muslim, racist, nationalist, and xenophobic rhetoric. The NPA will stand against this and will continue to put forward internationalist solutions to the imperialist wars that refugees above all else. We will continue to mobilize our peoples for a progressive world based on solidarity, freed from the barbarity that capitalism produces.